Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injuries

The brain is undoubtedly the most important organ in the body. From it emanates emotions, judgment, thoughts, and others. Any violent blow or jolt in the head can lead to serious injuries or even paralysis. 1.4 million Americans suffer from traumatic brain injury annually. An Indianapolis brain injury attorney will tell you that such injuries can have a long-lasting and life-altering effect on an individual.

A mild traumatic brain injury can cause temporary dysfunction of brain cells. The more serious ones can cause bruising, torn tissues, bleeding, and other physical damage to the brain which could lead to long-term complications or even death. The symptoms of traumatic brain injury may not show up until days or weeks after the injury. People with moderate or severe TBI may experience the following symptoms:

  • A headache that gets worse or does not dissipate
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Unable to awaken from sleep
  • Slurred speech
  • Weakness or numbness in the arms and legs
  • Dilated eye pupils

The Mayo Clinic classifies the symptoms of traumatic brain injuries into the following:

  • Loss of consciousness that lasts for a few seconds to a few minutes
  • If there is no loss of consciousness, TBI is accompanied by a state of being dazed, confused, or disoriented
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Sleeping more than the usual
  • The individual feels dizzy or experiences loss of balance
  • The person with brain injury may also experience sensory symptoms which may include:
  • Blurred vision
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Change in the ability to smell
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Cognitive or mental symptoms may include the following:
  • Difficulty in memory and concentration
  • Mood changes or swings
  • Depression or anxiety

When your head suffers a blow or violent action, it is recommended to see the doctor right away. If there are signs and symptoms of traumatic brain injury, seek emergency medical care.

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