Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injuries

The brain is undoubtedly the most important organ in the body. From it emanates emotions, judgment, thoughts, and others. Any violent blow or jolt in the head can lead to serious injuries or even paralysis. 1.4 million Americans suffer from traumatic brain injury annually. An Indianapolis brain injury attorney will tell you that such injuries can have a long-lasting and life-altering effect on an individual.

A mild traumatic brain injury can cause temporary dysfunction of brain cells. The more serious ones can cause bruising, torn tissues, bleeding, and other physical damage to the brain which could lead to long-term complications or even death. The symptoms of traumatic brain injury may not show up until days or weeks after the injury. People with moderate or severe TBI may experience the following symptoms:

  • A headache that gets worse or does not dissipate
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Unable to awaken from sleep
  • Slurred speech
  • Weakness or numbness in the arms and legs
  • Dilated eye pupils

The Mayo Clinic classifies the symptoms of traumatic brain injuries into the following:

  • Loss of consciousness that lasts for a few seconds to a few minutes
  • If there is no loss of consciousness, TBI is accompanied by a state of being dazed, confused, or disoriented
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Sleeping more than the usual
  • The individual feels dizzy or experiences loss of balance
  • The person with brain injury may also experience sensory symptoms which may include:
  • Blurred vision
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Change in the ability to smell
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Cognitive or mental symptoms may include the following:
  • Difficulty in memory and concentration
  • Mood changes or swings
  • Depression or anxiety

When your head suffers a blow or violent action, it is recommended to see the doctor right away. If there are signs and symptoms of traumatic brain injury, seek emergency medical care.

On Wrong Diagnosis and Medical Negligence

On the first sign of medical issues, people do not have second thoughts as to where they will go for consultation and treatment. We put a great deal of trust on our doctors that they will provide us with optimal care. Medical professionals are held at an exceptionally high standard of professional responsibility. Unfortunately, there are instances when the people we look up to for professionalism commits serious mistakes that put the life of their patients at risk.

One of the common practices that can cause harm or injury to a patient is wrong diagnosis. It is defined as an inaccurate diagnosis of a medical ailment. Also known as misdiagnosis, there are several factors that can result to misdiagnosis. For instance, a doctor identifies a medical condition in patient that has no such ailment. Wrong diagnosis is a kind of medical malpractice. According to the website of Russo, Russo & Slania, PC, it can have serious or life-threatening repercussions on the patient.

As medical malpractice is always based on the theory of negligence, is a doctor being negligent when he wrongly diagnosed a patient? A misdiagnosis on a simple medical issues is a case of negligence. However, this is not the case when a doctor gives a wrong diagnosis on a complex medical issue. There are conditions that are hard to diagnose as they could be suggestive of a variety of conditions. When an individual complains of stomach pains, there could be several conditions causing it such as ulcer, diverticulum, and Stage IV colon cancer.

So in determining the liability of a doctor for wrong diagnosis, you have to prove that this error of the doctor caused additional harm to you. If you are able to prove that the doctor indeed erred in not giving the proper diagnosis, there is a chance that you could recover damages which may include medical expenses and pain and suffering.

What Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Can Do for Debtors

After the Great Recession of 2008-09, many Americans found themselves in financial crisis – the nationwide effect of mass lay-offs, reduction in income, underemployment and prolonged unemployment. Adding to these were other factors which contributed to the worsening of an individual’s financial situation, such as hospitalization, injuries due to an accident, natural calamity and divorce. All these factors can result to successive failures in paying monthly bills, including mortgage, personal loans, car loan, child support, alimony or spousal support and credit card bills. Due to lapses in payment debts only keep on getting bigger so that settling everything becomes an impossible task.

The pay of millions of wage earners in the U.S. is just enough to cover their basic needs and afford them a simple life style. Loss of job or reduction in pay, even for just a month, can very well be the start of a crushing debt crisis for them. This debt crisis, however, will not be the only source of pressure and stress which they will suffer. After only about three months of continuous lapses in payment of their loans, banks would already consider their loans as bad debts; a major reason for their account to be referred to a collection agency which never shy away from using hounding tactics just to make them pay. This means people calling any time of the day, especially during the late hours, receiving calls even at work and informing other workers about their debt, receiving emails, text messages, and/or letters/notices from law firms. Some collection agencies even go to the extent of requesting the court for garnishment of a debtor’s monetary compensation (until the entire debt is paid) or for a bank levy, which is the freezing of a debtor’s bank account.

Having debts, however, regardless of how big it is, does not need to be a cause of worry to debtors due to the Bankruptcy law, the government’s way of helping people find ways to pay their debts and, so, regain control of their financial situation. This Bankruptcy law or Bankruptcy Code was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1978; it replaces the Nelson Act or the Bankruptcy Act of 1898. There are various chapters under the Bankruptcy Code, one of these is chapter 7, also called Liquidation bankruptcy.

Chapter 7 bankruptcy, the bankruptcy chapter most commonly applied for, is specifically designed for individuals who have properties, but whose income falls within the limit set by the chapter. Under this chapter, a debtor will need to surrender his or her “non-exempt” properties for liquidation. If the surrendered property is a business firm, he or she will also have to cease operation of such firm. Included in the list of non-exempt properties are a vacation home or a second house, bonds, stocks, cash, and other forms of investment. Properties that may not be surrendered (“exempt” properties) include a house, clothing, necessary household appliances, a vehicle or vehicles but only up to a certain value, personal injury compensation, tools, including expensive musical instruments, that are necessary to the debtor’s trade or profession, and jewelry (up to a certain value).

All properties to be liquidated are to be under the charge of a court-appointed trustee. After the trustee has paid all the debts that need to be paid (these are called “non-dischargeable” debts), such as spousal support, child support, government-imposed penalties, court fees, student loan, debts resulting from wrongful death or personal injury, and taxes that are not more than 3 years old since they first became due, the remaining amount (if there is any) will have to be returned to the debtor. Creditors, on their part, will have to accept whatever legally determined amount they are paid, even if this amount falls short of what is actually owed them. This means that they will have to forgive the debtor of any remaining balance and waive their right to make any more collection or payment or suffer severe penalties under federal law.

As mentioned in a website named Ryan J. Ruehle Attorney at Law, LLC, “Chapter 7 bankruptcy offers the near-total liquidation of all debts that an individual may hold, giving those who pursue this option the ability to start their financial life anew.” Many people, however, find Chapter 7 quite complex due to all the legal issues it contains. A bankruptcy lawyer, in this situation, may be the best person who can help debtors understand all these legal issues, and analyze if this is the specific bankruptcy chapter which will best address their financial crisis.

Is There Someone to Blame for My Child’s Erb’s Palsy?

In the height of Greece’s power in the Ancient times, the Spartans and Peloponnese regarded that a woman dying by child-birth was as honorable and difficult as a soldier heading off to war. There is, of course, precedence for this. Child-birth can be difficult and bloody and one wrong move could have devastating effects.

This brings up the topic of Erb’s palsy which is a paralysis caused by injury during child-birth. Oftentimes, this is due to carelessness or negligence during the delivery. Perhaps the baby was delivered too quickly or too much force was exerted in the attempt to pull the baby out of the womb and a nerve was damaged. This can sometimes be corrected over the course of several months through surgery and physical therapy. If left untreated, the paralysis in the child’s arm could become stunted and some cases even state that the entire arm could be entirely and permanently paralyzed throughout the person’s life.

In this kind of situation, if there is someone who is responsible for the newborn’s paralysis, that person should then be held accountable for the consequences that have been thrust upon the child. Medical practitioners are expected to practice a certain standard of care with every patient in order to avoid causing unnecessary and completely avoidable side-effects such as this. When they fail to render safe services to the point that they actually cause more harm than good, it can be said that they’ve behaved negligently. While doctors have difficult, stressful jobs, negligence that has lifelong negative consequences should not be tolerated.

Burn Injuries

Injuries that involve burns and scalds are often very painful injuries that can lead to permanent physical damages. According to the website of Russo, Russo & Slania, P.C., these injuries can be caused by a number of things: electric shock, chemicals, extreme heat and sometimes even extreme cold. Burns and scalds are common injuries in workplace accidents, particularly in places where the workers are exposed to chemicals, extreme heat, and electrical equipment or machinery. Those who work with these are always at risk of burn and scald injuries and should be fully aware of the risks involved in their job. Nevertheless, it is still the employers’ responsibilities to ensure that the workers are properly trained and have the right safety equipment to guarantee their protection.

It is the employers’ responsibility to evaluate the natural risks that come with the job, and failing to provide such safety procedures and safety gears can make them liable not only for workers’ compensation but also for personal injury claims. Burns and scalds are not only painful injuries, they can cost a lot of medical expenses because of the length of treatment depending on the severity of the injury. Aside from financial problems, these injuries can also cause emotional and physical problems. With serious physical disfigurement, those who have burns, scalds and scarring can suffer from depression and even physical limitations due to their injuries. When the effects of the burns and scalds resulted in serious damages to the victim, filing personal injury claim is a real option, especially when the accident was caused by negligent or reckless actions (or inaction) of another person.

Although financial compensation may not be enough to undo the damage caused by the burns, scalds or scarring, it can be beneficial to help cover for the expenses of long-term treatment, medications, lost days at work, rehabilitation, and even counseling and cosmetic surgery. The amount of compensation will depend on the severity and impact of the injuries, and the “burden of proof” will depend on the evidence that you can present to the court.

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